* All Rules referred herein are the Commissioners for Oaths Rules, 2018

此文章的所有条规出自于2018年“宣誓官规则”。

* All circulars referred herein are circulars issued by the Federal Court of Malaysia

宣示官是由联邦法院首席大法官根据1964年“事发法院令”第11条(第一章)及2018年“宣誓局规则”委任的人。

  1.  What is the duty of a Commissioner for Oaths?

           宣誓官的职责是什么?

           (Rule 11(2)) Essentially, a Commissioner for Oaths verifies the                           identity of the person making the declaration/document and a                         Commissioner for Oaths makes sure that the person understands the             content of the declaration/document.

           根据“宣誓规则”第11条第2款规定,宣誓官必须确保您理解声明/文档中的每             个陈述,以及签署它的后果。如果您不理解,他们有责任阅读并向您解释声             明/文件.

  1.  What can a Commissioner for Oaths do?

           宣誓官可以做什么?

           Typically, a Commissioner for Oaths can affirm affidavits and                           statutory declarations. A Commissioner for Oaths can also attest a                   Power of Attorney.

           一般上宣誓官可确认誓章以及法定声明。此外,宣誓官也可以认证/证明授               权书.

           (Rule 9(1)) The powers of an advocate and solicitors appointed as a                 Commissioner for Oaths are as follows:-

           [第 9条第1款]被委任为誓言专员的辩护人和律师的权力如下:-

           (a) receive acknowledgements of a married woman as required by                       law to be taken before a public officer;

                应法律要求,在公职人员收取前接收已婚妇女的确认书;

           (b) receive acknowledgements of recognizances of bail or bail bonds; 

                 接收保释金或保释金的确认书;

           (c) administer an oath for the following:-

                 可为以下宣誓:-

                 (i) the justification for bail; 

                      保释的理由;

                (ii) taking any affidavit or affirmation;

                      接管任何宣誓书或宣誓;

               (iii) receiving and taking the answer, plea, demurer, disclaimer,                              allegation or examination of any party or parties to any action;

                      接收并接管答复,请求,反对,免责声明,指控或任何一方的审查;

                (iv) the examination of any witness upon any interrogatories or de                         benne esse or in chief on any other occasion;

                       在任何讯问或任何其他场合下对任何证人的检查或首席审讯;

                  (v) swearing executors and administrators; and

                       宣誓的执行者和管理员;及

                (vi) any persons in any action, matter or proceeding which is                                   pending or about to be instituted in any court; and 

                       牵涉于诉讼,事项或程序中的任何人,无论是在法庭里待决或将要被                         提起诉讼;及

 

           (d) taking and receiving statutory declarations.

                接管和接纳法定声明。

 

      3.   Can a Commissioner for Oaths backdate the affirmation of any                  documents?

            宣誓官能不能回溯宣誓文件的日期?

            No. A Commissioner for Oaths is not permitted to backdate the                          affirmation of any documents. A Commissioner for Oaths must                        insert the current date and it must be the same date as when the                      person signed the documents in front of the Commissioner for Oaths.

            不行。宣誓官是不允许回溯任何已宣誓文件的日期。宣誓当天,出席者必                须在宣誓官的面前签署文件,当文件签署好了,宣誓官必须把当天的日期                输入在文件上;宣誓官输入的日期与签署者的签名日期必须是相同的。

  1.    Can a Commissioner for Oaths refuse to provide his/her                     services?

            宣誓官能拒绝提供宣誓服务吗?

            (Rule 11(2)(e)) Yes, a Commissioner for Oaths may refuse to provide                 his/her service when the Commissioner for Oaths has credible cause               to suspect that the person before him/her is engaged in deception,                   fraud, duress or any illegal conduct.

            根据“宣誓规则”第11条第2款第e项规定,当宣誓官有可信的原因怀疑出席                者从事或参与骗局,诈骗,威胁或任何非法活动,宣誓官可拒绝提供宣誓/                认证服务。

  1.    Can a Commissioner for Oaths affirm any pre-signed documents     without the person being present?

            在其签署者未出席的情况下,宣誓官能不能确认/宣誓在预先签署好的                文件上?

            (Rule 11(2)) No. This is a serious breach of the duty of a                                      Commissioner for Oaths. The person must be present and sign the                  documents in front of the Commissioner for Oaths.

            根据“宣誓规则”第11条第2款规定, 宣誓官是不允许在其签署者未出席的情              况下,确认/宣誓在预先签署好的文件上。其举止是严重违反宣誓官的职                    责。所以签署者必须得出席及在宣誓官面前签署其文件。

  1.    Can a Commissioner for Oaths go to the hospital or my                       office/house to affirm any document?

            宣誓官可以到医院,公司或住所来宣誓/确认文件吗?

            (Rule15(1)(b)) The general rule is that a Commissioner for Oaths                      must only carry out his/her services at his/her approved office                          address.

            (Rule15(1)(2)) A Commissioner for Oaths may carry out his/her                        services at a venue different from his/her approved office address                  only in exceptional circumstances and with the prior approval of                    Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Malaysia.

            根据“宣誓规则”第15条第1款第b项规定,通例则为宣誓官只允许执行其服                务于其指定的公司地址。

            根据“宣誓规则”第15条第1款第2项规定,宣誓官只有在特殊情况下并获得                马来西亚联邦法院首席法官的事先批准,宣誓官则可执行其服务于不同的                地点。

  1.    I am asked to provide a certified true copy (CTC) of documents.       Can a Commissioner for Oaths certify a document as a true copy     of the original?

            我被要求提供证明文件的真实副本(CTC)。 宣誓官可以证明文件为原        件的真实副本吗?

             (Circular dated 13th June 2005) No. A Commissioner for Oaths is not               authorised to certify any document as a true copy of the original.

           【通函于2005年6月13日】不行。宣誓官无权将任何文件证明为原件的真实               副本。

  1.    Can a Commissioner for Oaths be a witness of a person’s                     execution of any agreement, letter or any documents ?

            宣誓官可以作为某人执行任何协议,信件或任何文件的见证人吗?

             (Circular dated 03rd November 2015) No. A Commissioner for Oaths               is prohibited to be a witness of a person’s execution of any                                 agreement, letter or any documents, unless permitted by the                             following laws :-

           【通函于2015年11月3日】不行。宣誓官被禁止作为任何人执行任何协议,              信件或任何文件的见证人, 除非以下法律允许:-

            (i) Form 1 and 2 under Section 3 (First Schedule) Power of Attorney                     Act 1949

                 《 1949年授权书法令》第3条(附表1)的表格1和2

            (ii) Money Lending Agreement under section 27(1) of the                                          Moneylenders Act 1951

                 《 1951年放债人法》第27(1)条下的放债协议

            (iii) Guarantee Agreement under section 22 of the Hire Purchase Act                      1967

                 《 1967年租购法》第22条的担保协议

            (iv) Memorandum and Title under section 97(1) of the Sabah Land                         Ordinance (Cap. 68)

                  《沙巴土地条例》(第68章)第97(1)条所指的备忘录和所有权

            (v) Certificate, under section 84(2) of the Legal Profession Act 1976

                  证书,根据1976年《法律职业法》第84(2)条

  1.    Can a Commissioner for Oaths affirm any statutory declaration       which does not conform to the Statutory Declaration Act, 1960?

            宣誓官能不能确认任何不符合“1960年法定声明法”的法定声明吗

             (Circular dated 03rd November 2015) No. A Commissioner for Oaths               is not allowed to affirm any statutory declaration which does not                     conform to the format prescribed in the Statutory Declaration Act,                   1960. The format can be found in the (Schedule of the Statutory                       Declarations Act, 1960).

           【通函于2015年11月3日】不行。宣誓官禁止确认任何不符合“1960年法定                 声明法”规定格式的法定声明。该格式可以在“1960年法定声明法”附表中找               到。

  1.    If two (2) or more persons are signing one (1)                                           declaration/document, must they sign at the same time?

            当两个或多余两人在签署一个声明/文件,他们必须同时签名吗?

             Yes. All the persons signing the declaration/document must be                           present before the Commissioner for Oaths and sign the                                     declaration/document at the same time.

             是。 所有签署声明/文件的人必须在宣誓官面前并同时在声明/文件上签字.

  1.    Can a person represent a few other people or deponents named       in a declaration?

             在一份声明里能不能由一个人代表不同或更多的人?

             No. A Commissioner for Oaths shall only affix his seal to any                             document when all deponents have signed the                                                       declaration/document in his presence.

             不可以。宣誓官只有在所有人都在场的情况下在声明/文件上签字后,方可               在任何文件上加盖公章。

  1.    Can a child or a mentally disordered person make an oath?

            儿童或精神障碍者可以宣誓吗?

            (Rule 11(2)(b)) Yes, but the Commissioner for Oaths must ensure that              the child understands the subject matter involving the oath. The                      child must also be present together with his/her family member. If                  the Commissioner for oaths is of the view that the subject matter                      involving the oath is prejudicial to the child’s benefit, the                                    Commission for Oaths may refuse to undertake his function under                  Rule 11(2)(e); A mentally disordered person may make an oath if the              mental disorder affecting the deponent is not continuous, and at the              time of placing his signature on the document, he is of sound mind                  and understands the subject matter and nature of the oath.

            可以,但是誓言专员必须确保孩子理解涉誓言的内容。孩子也必须在他/她                的家人陪同。根据第11条第2款第e项规定,若誓言专员认为涉及誓言的内                容不利于儿童的利益,宣誓官则可拒绝履行职责;精神障碍者可在其精神                障碍不持续,头脑清晰与解涉及内容的情况下宣誓。

  1.    Can a person who is blind/deaf/mute/illiterate make an oath?

             失明/聋哑/文盲的人可以宣誓吗

             (Rule 11(2)(b)) Yes, but the Commissioner for Oaths must ensure that               the deponent understands the subject matter and nature of the oath               after reading and explaining the contents of the documents together               with the exhibits annexed.

             根据第11条第2款第b项规定,可以,但宣誓官必须确保被告人在阅读并解               释文件的内容以及所附的证物后,可理解宣誓书的内容和性质。

  1.    Can a Statutory Declaration be filled in with two different pens       with different ink colours?

            法定声明是否可以用两种不同墨水颜色的笔填充?

            The Commission for Oaths Rules 2018 and the Statutory Declaration                Act 1969 (Revised 2016) are silent on this matter. However, it is                        advisable for the Statutory Declaration to be completed using a                        single ink colour and a single type of pen. This is to prevent any                        suspicions with regards to the contents of the Statutory Declaration.                It is also worth noting that the validity of the affirmed documents is                subject to the terms and conditions imposed by the issuing agency or              government department.

           《2018年宣誓局规则》和《 1969年法定声明法》(2016年修订)对此事保              持中立。但是,建议使用单一墨水颜色和单一类型的笔来完成法定声明。                这是为了防止任何人对法定声明的内容产生怀疑。有一点必须注意的是,                文件被确认的有效性将取决于机构或政府部门所规定的条款和条件。

  1.    Can a Commissioner for Oaths assist a deponent to draft a                 Statutory Declaration and charge the deponent an additional           fee? 

            宣誓官能不能协助被告人草拟法定声明书,并向被告人收取额外费用?

            No. A Commissioner for Oaths is prohibited from assisting a                              deponent to draft any documents. Thus, imposing an additional fee                for said service is also prohibited.

            不可以。宣誓官被禁止协助答辩人拟草任何文件。因此,对所述服务征收                 额外费用也是被禁止的。

  1.    What are the fees/charges of a Commissioner for Oaths?

             宣誓官的收费是多少?

             (Rule 17 & 2nd Schedule) All fees/charges of a Commissioner for                       Oaths are prescribed. A Commissioner for Oaths cannot charge                         anything above and beyond the prescribed fees/charges.

           【第17条和附表2】宣誓官的所有费用均已订明。 宣誓官不能收取超出规定               费用的任何费用。

 

No.

编号

Type of document

文件类型

 

Rate of Fees (RM)

费用

1.

Original affidavit

原有誓章

10.00 for each deponent

一份10.00

2.

Exhibit referred to in the original affidavit

附在原有誓章的陈列

5.00 for each exhibit

一份 5.00

3.

Duplicate or copy of the affidavit

原有誓章(副本)

5.00 for each deponent

一份5.00

4.

Duplicate or copy of the exhibit

附在原有誓章的陈列(副本)

2.00 for each exhibit

一份2.00

5.

Document, affirmation, acknowledgement, deed or any other instrument

文件,确认书,承认书,契据或任何其他文书

10.00 for each document

一份10.00

6.

Duplicate or copy of the document, affirmation, acknowledgement, deed or any other instrument

文件,确认书,承认书,契据或任何其他文书(副本)

5.00 for each document

一份5.00

            Pursuant to a clarification made by Federal Court of Malaysia, the                    fees/charges for a Statutory Declaration remains as RM4.00 for each                declaration.

             根据马来西亚联邦法院澄清,法定声明书的费用为每份RM4.00。

  1.    What do I need to bring along when I see a Commissioner for           Oaths?

             我必须携带什么若我需要宣誓官替我确认/宣誓?

             Apart from the documents which you require the Commissioner for               Oaths to affirm, please bring your original identity document.

            除了您需要宣誓官确认的文件以外,请带上您的身份证原件。

  1.    Do I have to make an appointment?

            我需要预约吗?

             It is best that you make an appointment to see our Commissioner                     for Oaths.

             You can call +603 6205 3620 / +603 2856 0252 or you can email us at                askdonny@dwc.com.my or kathy@dwc.com.my

            是的。若您想得到宣誓官的服务,请先向我们预约。

            您可以拨打+603 6205 3620 / +603 2856 0252,也可以给我们发送电子邮                 件至askdonny@dwc.com.my / kathy@dwc.com.my

  1.    How long does it normally take for my document to be affirmed     by the Commissioner for Oaths?

            请问宣誓官确认/宣誓我的文件通常需要多长时间?

            Depending on the type and nature of the documents, it would                            usually take about five (5) minutes.

            根据文档的类型和性质,通常大约需要五(5)分钟。